San Bernardino County Website | Home   
San Bernardino County Museum Header Image
San Bernardino County Museum Logo

(Phainopepla nitens)

Phainopepla (Female)

Phainopepla (Male)

Phainopepla is the only member of the Silky Flycatcher group to occur in the United States. They are a resident bird and have the unusual habitat of moving from desert to coastal habitats during the breeding season. In winter, Phainopepla can be common in areas with mistletoe berries. Breeding habitats are not so restricted and consist of shrubby deserts, coastal sage scrub, chaparral and oak woodlands, always in conjunction with smallish trees for perching and placing nests. Phainopepla nest from early March through August and are found from sea level to 6,600 feet.

Status: Not protected
Nesting habitat: Desert scrub, chaparral, and oak woodland
Diet: Fruits and insects
Breeding season begins: Late February
Nest type: Open cup
Typical number of eggs: 2-3
Incubated by: Both parents
Nestlings tended by: Both parents
Migratory: Yes
Active period on the Preserve: April through September (see graph)


Back to Birds of the Etiwanda Fan



Plant Communities of the Etiwanda Fan
Amphibians and Reptiles of the Etiwanda Fan
Birds of the Etiwanda Fan
Mammals of the Etiwanda Fan

San Bernardino County Museum - (909) 307-2669 - 2024 Orange Tree Lane, Redlands, California 92374

© 2005 San Bernardino County Museum
The information contained in the following pages was valid at the time of publication. The County of San Bernardino, Museum Department reserves the right to make changes and improvements at any time and without notice, and assumes no liability for damages incurred directly or indirectly as a result of errors, omissions or discrepancies. Please contact the webmaster with comments or suggestions.